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Names of god

All is One, for He and His Name are One (Zohar 1:8a)

Hebrew Divine Names for the Holy One are great powers. Each Divine Name is an attribute of the One in a distinct relationship with creation. By intimate knowledge of how to call upon these names, our ancestors mystically ascended into the interiors of heaven and the Holy One and returned with miracles, prophecies, and new revelations. But without a specific Hebrew Name of God in scripture, English translations revert to “God,” “Lord," or “LORD.” This flattens the distinct attribute of God speaking in scripture, obscures the larger context of its moment, and bars us from hearing how the Divine is immanent in a point of revelation. 


Divine Names in Scripture

El Elyon: God Most High


Eheieh: I Am, I Shall Be


Yah: Being: Transcendence


Elohim: One-As-Many: Becoming: Immanence


El: God manifest in mercy, love, forgiveness, abundance, creativity


Elohim Givor: God manifest in power, might, severity, judgment, destruction


YHVH: the LORD: Continuum of being, becoming without end: The Eternal One


Yeshua: YHVH Delivers: Salvation, Self-realization: Conscious union with YHVH


YHVH Tzavaot: Lord of Hosts, armies, angels of heaven 


Elohim Tzavaot: God of Hosts, armies, angels of heaven


El Shaddai: God Almighty working wonders, granting boons, and blessings


Adonai: My Lord: God the Sovereign of all life: God as revealed to each individual


Evidence in Scripture

Mystics and gnostics teach at great length how to contemplate these and other Divine Names of God in scripture. Knowledge of the nuances and connotations of Divine Names is the foundation of a Kabbalistic understanding of revelation. We need only consider the first Divine Name opening Genesis: In the Beginning, God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1). The Divine Name here—Elohim—which is a feminine noun with a masculine plural, suggests a blend of principles of giving and receiving, of One-and-many, in unity. Note how Elohim often speaks in plurality: Let us make. This implies the unity of Elohim and all the great angels by which creation came into being. When Elohim said, Let us make humankind in our image, according to our likeness (1:26), this further suggests how the human soul is a microcosmic mirror of all the beings-forces of creation. Elohim is a Divine Name that is far more dynamic than the flat, static sense of the noun “God.” Elohim describes not only the entire field of beings-forces, but their apparent play of light and darkness. However compelling the illusion, no separation exists in Elohim. Contemplating scripture by way of revealed aspects of this or any Divine Name shows how mystics and gnostics continually revise the Bible without changing a word.

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